Gonorrhea is a serious, sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is spread through sexual contact, including oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Symptoms of gonorrhea in men may include burning and pain when urinating, discharge from the penis, and swelling or redness of the foreskin. Symptoms in women may include painful urination, increased vaginal discharge, and bleeding between periods. If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious health complications, including infertility and an increased risk of contracting HIV.
Gonorrhea is typically diagnosed through lab tests that identify the bacteria in a sample of discharge or urine. Treatment involves a course of antibiotics, and it is important to finish the entire course, even if symptoms have gone away.
Prevention of gonorrhea includes abstaining from sex, using condoms, and getting tested regularly. If you suspect you may have gonorrhea, it is important to get tested and seek medical attention right away.